Funding your child’s education using an investment bond
Funding education for children is a problem that all parents eventually confront. Costs vary widely between the public and private sectors, but there is no such thing as a free education. According to the latest cost estimates, for a child born in 2017 you can expect to pay a total of around $68,613 for a public education and $487,093 for a private one.
Funding your child’s education doesn’t have to be difficult, but, as with all investing, the sooner you start the better. The trick is to determine the style of education you want your child to have, and how much you will realistically need to save for this. Then choose the investment approach that reflects your risk profile.
Step one: Consider the costs of different schools
The first step is to look carefully at the different types of education available, and decide what you think would be best for your child and most realistic for your budget.
There are three main options: a public education, a catholic (or other religion-based) education, or a private education (of course, some private schools can also be religiously-affiliated). The catholic and private system are both fee-paying, but the fees in the catholic system are usually substantially less than those in the private system. Public education is the least expensive option, as is mostly funded by the Government.
Regardless of the style of education you choose, it’s important to remember that tuition fees are not the only cost. Extras such as uniforms, stationery, extra-curricular activities and other incidentals can add significantly to the overall cost.
Centuria has been issuing investment bonds for 35 years. We have a great deal of experience calculating the cost of education, and have developed a calculator to help you make your estimate as accurate as possible. You can find it here.
Step two: Choose an investment portfolio that matches your risk profile
Your choice of investment portfolio should be influenced by a number of factors. The longer you have to invest, the greater the chance you will meet your goal, and the more flexibility you will have in choosing your portfolio.
Investing is also about managing risk and return. The higher the risk you take on, the higher the return you may expect, but again, the timeframe is all important. Equities, for example, which have historically performed well over the longer term, are more volatile over the short-term than some other asset classes such as fixed interest, making them better suited to the long-term investors.
Step three: Choose a flexible, tax-effective investment strategy
For a long-term financial goal like education or any other purpose the best investment strategy will be one that allows you to contribute regularly and is tax-effective, but which you can essentially set and forget.
There are a number of investment strategies that will achieve one or perhaps two of these things, but if you are looking for the triumvirate, investment bonds fit the bill perfectly.
Investment bonds: Ideally suited to saving for education
Investment bonds are actually life insurance policies, with a life insured and a nominated beneficiary. In practise, however, they operate like a tax-paid managed fund. You can choose from a range of underlying investment portfolios and risk profiles, ranging from equities to fixed interest, cash, or a mixture of each, depending on the amount of time you intend to invest and your goal.
You can start a Centuria investment bond with as little as $500, but there is no upper limit to how much you can invest in an investment bond, and you can contribute more to the bond each year – up to 125% of the previous year’s contribution.
Tax-paid as you save
Investment bonds are referred to as ‘tax-paid’ because returns from the underlying investment portfolio are taxed within the bond structure at the company tax rate of 30% and are then re-invested in the bond. This means you benefit from compounding returns, which help you reach your goal more quickly. And if you choose an investment portfolio containing equities that pay franked dividends, the effective tax rate of your investment could be less than 30%. This rate compares very favourably to the top marginal rate on personal taxes, which can be as much as 49% including the Medicare levy.
You will not receive a distribution from the bond, which means you do not need to declare your investment in your personal tax return. Centuria pays the tax on returns from the underlying portfolio on your behalf, and you do not need to declare the bond for tax purposes or complete any annual paperwork.
The real bonus: All withdrawals are tax-paid after 10 years
If you hold your investment bond for 10 years, all withdrawals are returned to you 100% tax-paid.
If, on the other hand, you need to access your investment before 10 years, it is easy to do so – however, depending on the timing, you may lose some or all of the tax-advantage.
What if I want the bond to be in my child’s name?
A child aged 10 or older can be the owner of an investment bond, although they will only gain control of the bond and be able to decide how to spend the money once they turn 16.
This is why we suggest that it is often better to set the investment bond up in the name of a parent or grandparent. This means that there will be no penalty tax rates for children under the age of 18 (if they make withdrawals before 10 years) and the parent or grandparent stays in control of the bond and decides how the proceeds are spent.
It also means that you can start a bond for child under the age of 10 – which is a good idea if you anticipate a high cost of education.
Centuria Investment Bonds
Investment bonds may be a tax-effective, long-term investment strategy. They can be used for any savings goal, make a sensible complementary strategy to super, and enable control, protection and certainty in estate planning. When it comes to education, they are the perfect tool. They allow for a ‘set-and-forget’ investment, to which you can contribute regularly, and which is tax-free after 10 years.
Centuria offers a range of portfolios, with different investment objectives and strategies. If you would like to understand more about each of the portfolios and how our investment bonds work, you can find more information here. Please also visit our website where you will find detailed examples of how investment bonds work, as well as their different uses.
If you would like to speak to one of our investment bond specialists, or for more information about investment bonds.